TRIER Tourist Guide

Trier Porta Nigra

Trier – Germany´s oldest city where the history breathes on you from every corner. Its roots are from 16. B.C. when Roman Emperor Augustus founded the town in between the Rhine and Meuse rivers. City built according to the Roman principles soon developed into the capital of the region and had everything which such a grandiose town at that time should have: forum, imperial baths, amphitheatre, massive town walls and the rectangular network of streets. The city was the centre of early Christianity and it possessed church construction – one of the largest of its kind in the 4th century. In the 5th century Trier was repeatedly destroyed by Germanic tribes, later Vikings and in 1794 for a short time possessed by French. Nowadays Trier belongs to Rhineland-Palatine in one of the most beautiful regions of Germany – on the banks of Moselle valley. Visit Trier and move yourself to the time of antiquity to discover the outstanding role the city played during the Roman rule.

Trier

You definitely shouldn´t miss the following spots:

1. PORTA NIGRA

Porta Nigra is the only one preserved from 5 gates which were once part of the huge fortification surrounding the Roman town and its age dates back to the 2. A.D. It survived the demolition of Roman fortification during Middle Ages only thanks to the fact that it was converted into church in honour of St. Simeon. Simeon, who had returned from pilgrimage back home, had hermitage installed in Porta Nigra. He locked himself up inside and lived ascetically. After his death, the miracles started to happen and this lead to the conversion of the gate to the two-storey collegiate church. Church turned back to the gate again in 18th century when Napoleon decided the gate should reflect the magnificence of the Roman culture.

Address: Porta-Nigra-Platz, 54290 Trier
Opening hours: April – September: daily 9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
October and March: daily 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
November – February: daily 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
Prices: Adults: 4 EUR
Children: 2,50 EUR
Reduced: 3 EUR

Trier Porta Nigra

2. MAIN MARKET SQUARE

Main market square is the most beautiful square in Trier. In the middle stands the Market Cross (original in the Städtisches Museum) which is the oldest cross of its kind in whole Germany and symbolises the city centre. It stands there from the earliest stage of the square history. The square is surrounded by houses from different times in the history – you can find there old half-timbered houses, baroque houses as well as eclectic buildings from around 1900. If you want to hide from the rush of this square find small aisle in between houses and enter the Gangolf Church. It´s nicely decorated ceiling will certainly bring you relief on soul.

Trier Main market square

3. THE CATHEDRAL AND CHURCH OF OUR LADY

These 2 religious buildings are must sees during your visit in Trier. Early Christianity appeared in Trier already in Roman times. Cathedral and Church stand on the remains of the Roman church complex, at that time one of the largest of its kind. Cathedral will impress you with its size and massiveness, if you enter you will feel unusually small. Don´t forget to climb up few stair to the altar in front which hides the unique relic – the Holy Robe. In the Church of Our Lady you will be on the other hand stunned by the beautiful play of the colours of mosaic windows.

Address: Liebfrauenstraße 12, 54290 Trier
Opening hours: April – October: daily 6:30 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
November – March: daily 6:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m.
Prices: free

Trier cathedral

4. BASILIKA

Basilika is huge brick building which was in the time between 286 until the end of the 4th century audience hall of Roman Emperors. Originally it was not a free standing building, it was a palace complex which had other smaller buildings attached to it. Basilica was equipped with a floor and wall heating system. Nowadays you can admire the huge hall as the part of protestant church.

Address: Konstantinpl. 11, 54290 Trier
Opening hours: November, January – March:
Monday closed
Tuesday – Saturday 10 a.m. – 12 noon and 2 – 4 p.m.
Sunday / Holiday 1 – 3 p.m.December:
Monday – Saturday 10 a.m. – 12 noon and 2 – 4 p.m.
Sunday / Holiday 1 – 3 p.m.April – October:
Monday – Saturday 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Sunday / Holiday 1 – 6 p.m.
Prices: free

5. ELECTORAL PALACE AND IT´S GARDENS

Right next to the Basilica stands beautiful renaissance building – Electoral Palace. It happened in the 17th century when the Basilica “got its wings” and the palace was built. While walking in the garden right in front of the palace you can easily imagine you are elector admiring beauty of his statues and flowers. Need some place where to take short rest? One of the benches in the garden can be a perfect place for it.

Electoral palace Trier

6. IMPERIAL BATHS

Baths couldn´t be missing in any Roman city. Baths were the place where people could relax in cold and hot baths, swim, get a massage, go to the hairdresser’s, engage in sports, even to gamble or do business. Even though Imperial Baths in Trier were finished it was never publicly used. A new building soon became a ruin. The reason could be that emperor rather focused on ongoing battles so there were no more finances for maintenance of baths. Even though there is not so much preserved, explanatory tables will help your imagination to feel the history of this special place!

Address:  Weberbach 41, 54290 Trier
Opening hours: April – September: daily 9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
October and March: daily 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
November – February: daily 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
Prices: Adults: 4 EUR
Children: 2,50 EUR
Reduced: 3 EUR

Imperial bath Trier

7. AMPHITHEATRE

The Roman arena was built as the part of Roman city walls (200 AD) and could be used as a city gate. In Roman times amphitheatre was an important part of a city. Gladiatorial battles, animal hunts and religious festivals were entertaining up to 20 000 spectators. During your visit of amphitheatre you can easily recognise entrance roads, seats for visitors and even underground cellars where impressive wooden lift was installed in 3rd century.

Address:  Bergstraße 45, 54295 Trier
Opening hours: April – September: daily 9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
October and March: daily 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
November – February: daily 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
Prices: Adults: 4 EUR
Children: 2,50 EUR
Reduced: 3 EUR

8. ROMAN BRIDGE AND MOSELLE EMBANKMENT

Trier is the city on river. In Roman as well as medieval times city had large harbours. Today two cranes for uploading and unloading ships from 1413 and 1774 reminds of that. Two banks of Moselle river were connected by the first wooden bridge at the same time as the founding of the city. The Roman Bridge in Trier is the oldest bridge in Germany. The stone pilings of the Roman Bridge date from  144-152 A.D. and are deeply embedded in the bedrock underneath the river gravel. Enjoy the walk besides the river shore.

9. KARL MARX HOUSE

Trier is the birthplace of Karl Marx. Karl Marx was German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. He was born to a lawyer family on 5th of May 1818 in Brueckenstrasse 10. The house serves as a museum today and is administered by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation.

Address:  Brueckenstrasse 10, Trier
Opening hours: April to October: daily 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.
November to March: Tuesday – Sunday 11:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., Monday 2:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Prices: Adults: 4 EUR
Children up to 12: free
Students: 2,50 EUR

More recent information on opening hours and prices you can find on the website of Trier.

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